Vaginal yeast infection

Vaginal Candidiasis: Understanding and Tackling the Common Yeast Infection


Vaginal candidiasis, also known as a yeast infection, is a common condition that affects many women at some point in their lives. In this article, we’ll explore the causes, symptoms, and treatments for vaginal candidiasis and provide you with the information you need to take control of your intimate health.

What is Vaginal Candidiasis?

Vaginal Candidiasis is an infection caused by an overgrowth of yeast, specifically Candida, in the vagina. Candida is a fungus that normally lives in small amounts in the moist areas of our body, including the vagina. However, sometimes it can multiply and cause an infection. Although Candida albicans is the most common type of yeast responsible for Vaginal Candidiasis, other types of Candida can also cause the infection.

Common Symptoms

Vaginal Candidiasis can cause various symptoms, including:

  1. Itching and soreness around the vagina
  2. A thick, white discharge with a curd-like texture
  3. Painful urination
  4. Pain during sexual intercourse
  5. Redness and swelling of the vulva

It is important to note that some women may have the infection without experiencing any symptoms.

What Causes Vaginal Candidiasis?

Several factors can contribute to the development of Vaginal Candidiasis. These include:

  1. Hormonal changes: Estrogen levels play a crucial role in maintaining a healthy vaginal environment. High estrogen levels, such as during pregnancy or when using certain birth control methods, can increase the risk of developing a yeast infection.
  2. Antibiotic use: Antibiotics can disrupt the balance of bacteria in the vagina, allowing yeast to overgrow.
  3. Weakened immune system: Women with compromised immune systems may be more susceptible to yeast infections.
  4. Uncontrolled diabetes: High blood sugar levels can create an environment that encourages yeast growth.

Diagnosis and Treatment

If you suspect you have Vaginal Candidiasis, it’s essential to consult your doctor for an accurate diagnosis. They will examine the affected area and may take a sample for lab testing. This will help to confirm the presence of Candida and rule out other causes of your symptoms.

Once diagnosed, your doctor will recommend the appropriate treatment. This usually involves antifungal medication, either in the form of a cream, ointment, tablet, or suppository/ pessary. The duration of treatment can vary depending on the severity of the infection.

Recurrent Vaginal Candidiasis

Some women may experience recurrent Vaginal Candidiasis, which is defined as having at least four episodes within a 12-month period. Recurrent infections can be particularly distressing and may require a longer course of treatment or a change in medication. If you suffer from recurrent yeast infections, it’s important to work closely with your doctor to find the most effective treatment plan.

Prevention Tips

To reduce the risk of developing vaginal candidiasis, follow these simple tips:

  1. Maintain good hygiene and keep the genital area clean and dry.
  2. Avoid douching, which can disrupt the natural balance of bacteria and yeast in the vagina.
  3. Wear breathable cotton underwear to prevent moisture build-up.
  4. Ensure your underwear is washed well and dried under direct sunlight, as it helps keep Candida yeast in check.
  5. Manage risk factors such as diabetes and be cautious with antibiotic use, as they can disrupt the natural balance of the vaginal flora.


Understanding vaginal candidiasis and seeking appropriate medical care are vital for maintaining good health.

Sugabi Clinic specialises in women’s health, offering individualised care and a range of services to address various concerns, including vaginal candidiasis. Trust our team of experts to provide compassionate, personalised support for all your health needs.


  1. NICE. Vulvovaginal conditions [Internet]. 2021. Available from:
  2. British Association for Sexual Health and HIV. National Guideline on the Management of Vulvovaginal Candidiasis [Internet]. 2011. Available from:
  3. Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists. Patient Leaflets [Internet]. Available from:
  4. NHS. Vaginal Thrush (Candidiasis) [Internet]. 2021. Available from:
  5. de Silva PHP, Lanerolle S, Dodampahala HS, Galapaththy W, Mathota C, Karunananda SA, et al. Management of candida vulvovaginitis. Sri Lanka Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology. 2022;44:249-256. Available from:

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